00150 Risk for suicide

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00150 Risk for suicide

Definition of the NANDA label

Situation in which the individual is in danger of self-inflicting life-threatening injuries.

Susceptible to self-inflicted, life-threatening injury.

Risk factors

Behavioral

• History of previous suicide attempts.
• Irreflection.
• Purchase of a firearm.
• Accumulation of medicines.
• Make a will or change it.
• Donate possessions.
• Sudden euphoric recovery from severe depression.
• Noticeable changes in behavior, attitude, school performance.

Verbal

• Threats to kill yourself.
• Expression of wishes to die or to finish at once.

Situational

• Living alone.
• Retirement.
• Transfer, institutionalization.
• Economic instability.
• Lack of autonomy or independence.
• Presence of firearms at home.
• Adolescents living in a non-traditional environment (eg juvenile detention center, prison).

Psychological

• Family history of suicide.
• Use or abuse of alcohol or other substances.
• Psychiatric illness or disorder (eg, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder).
• Abuse in childhood.
• Guilt.
• Young man (man or woman) homosexual.

Demographics

• Age: old age, young adult males, adolescents.
• Race: Caucasian, Native American.
• Sex: male.
• Divorce, widowhood.

Physical

• Physical illness.
• Terminal disease.
• Chronic pain.

Social

• Loss of important relationships.
• Alteration of family life.
• Grief, grief.
• Insufficient support systems.
• Loneliness.
• Hopelessness.
• Impotence.
• Social isolation.
• Legal or disciplinary problems.
• Group suicides.

At risk population

• Adolescence
• Adolescents living in nontraditional settings –Caucasian ethnicity
• Divorced status
• Economically disadvantaged
• Older adults
• Family history of suicide
• History of childhood abuse
• History of suicide attempt
• Homosexual youth
• Institutionalization
• Living alone
• Male gender
• Native American ethnicity
• Relocation
• Retired
• Widowed
• Young adult males

Associated condition

• Physical illness
• Psychiatric disorder
• Terminal illness

NOC

• Control of depression.
• Impulse control.
• Control of self-injury.
• Hope.
• Risk control.
• Self esteem.

NIC

• Help to control anger.
• Training to control impulses.
• Environmental management: prevention of violence.
• Behavior management: self-injury.
• Environmental management: safety.
• Surveillance.
• Active listening.

This diagnosis will retire from the NANDA-I Taxonomy in the 2021-2023 edition unless additional work is completed to bring it up to a level of evidence 2.1 or higher.

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