00028 Risk for deficient fluid volume

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00028 Risk for deficient fluid volume

Definition of the NANDA label

The risk of fluid volume deficit is the possibility of suffering from vascular, cellular or intracellular dehydration.

Susceptible to experiencing decreased intravascular, interstitial, and/or intracellular fluid volumes, which may compromise health.

The risk factors, NOC and NIC of the NANDA diagnosis “Risk of fluid volume deficit” are detailed below.

Risk factors

  • Extreme age.
  • Weight extremes (weight).
  • Excessive loss of fluid through normal routes (diarrhea).
  • Excessive fluid loss through abnormal lines (indwelling catheters).
  • Situations that affect the access, intake or absorption of fluids (eg, physical immobility).
  • Situations that require a large supply of fluids (hypermetabolic states).
  • Lack of knowledge regarding the volume of liquids.
  • Medications (diuretics).

At risk population

  • Extremes of age
  • Extremes of weight
  • Factors influencing fluid needs

Associated condition

  • Active fluid volume loss
  • Compromised regulatory mechanism
  • Deviations affecting fluid absorption
  • Deviations affecting fluid intake
  • Excessive fluid loss through normal route – Fluid loss through abnormal route
  • Pharmaceutical agent


  • Electrolyte and acid-base balance.
  • Water balance.
  • Nutritional status: food and fluid intake.
  • Hydration.
  • Neurological state.


  • Fluid and electrolyte management.
  • Neurological monitoring
  • Liquid handling.
  • Liquid monitoring.
  • Nutrition management.
  • Nutritional monitoring ..
  • Vital signs monitoring.
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