00180 Risk for contamination

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00180 Risk for contamination

Definition of the NANDA label

Increased risk of exposure to environmental pollutants in doses sufficient to cause adverse health effects.

Susceptible to exposure to environmental contaminants, which may compromise health.

Risk factors

• Poor knowledge about managing diabetes.

External

• Chemical contamination of food.
• Chemical contamination of water.
• Exposure to bioterrorism.
• Exposure to disasters (natural or man-made).
• Exposure to radiation (work in radiology, employment in nuclear industries and power plants, living near nuclear industries and power plants).
• Peeling, peeling paint in the presence of young children.
• Peeling, chipping of plaster in the presence of young children.
• Coating of surfaces (carpeted surfaces contain more polluting residues than bare surfaces).
• Geographical area (living in an area where there is a high level of pollutants).
• Domestic hygiene practices.
• Inadequate municipal services (eg, garbage collection, wastewater treatment centers).
• Inappropriate use of protective clothing.
• Lack of decomposition of pollutants once they are inside (decomposition is inhibited if there is no exposure to the sun and rain).
• Lack of protective clothing.
• Lacquer in poorly ventilated areas.
• Lacquer without effective protection.
• Living in poverty (increases the potential for multiple exposures, lack of access to health care, and inadequate diet).
• Paint, lacquer etc., in poorly ventilated areas.
• Paint, lacquer, etc., without effective protection.
• Personal hygiene practices.
• Playing outside in areas where environmental pollutants are used.
• Presence of atmospheric pollution.
• Home use of environmental contaminants (eg, pesticides, chemicals, tobacco smoke).
• Unprotected contact with chemicals (eg arsenic).
• Unprotected contact with heavy metals (eg, lead, chromium).

Internal

• Age (children under 5 years old, the elderly).
• Concomitant exposures.
• Characteristics of development in children.
• Female gender.
• Gestational age during exposure.
• Nutritional factors (eg obesity, vitamin and mineral deficiencies).
• Pre-existing disease states.
• Pregnancy.
• Previous exhibitions.
• Smoking.

At risk population

• Children < 5 years
• Economically disadvantaged
• Exposure to areas with high contaminant level – Exposure to atmospheric pollutants
• Exposure to bioterrorism
• Exposure to disaster
• Exposure to radiation
• Female gender
• Gestational age during exposure
• Older adults
• Previous exposure to contaminant

Associated condition

• Pre-existing disease
• Pregnancy

NOC

• Risk control.
• Exposure control.
• Healthy behavior.
• Healthy environment.
• Education.
• Self-care.

NIC

• Nutrition management.
• Neurological monitoring.
• Teaching.
• Monitoring of vital signs.
• Promotion of self-care.
• Promotion of self-responsibility.
• Environmental management: safety.
• Promotion of healthy behaviors.
• Prevention.

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