00118 Disturbed body image

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00118 Disturbed body image

Definition of the NANDA label

State in which the individual experiences an alteration in the perception of their own mental image of the physical self, a negative or distorted perception of their own body.

Confusion in mental picture of one’s physical self.

Defining characteristics

• Non-verbal response to real or perceived changes in body structure or function.
• Expression of feelings or perceptions that reflect an alteration of the vision of the body itself regarding its appearance, structure or function.
• Behaviors of avoidance, control or recognition of one’s own body.

Objectives

• Loss of a body part.
• Real change in structure or operation.
• Do not look at and do not touch a body part.
• Hiding or exaggerating (intentionally or not) a body part.
• Change in social involvement.
• Changes in the ability to assess the spatial relationship between the body and the environment.
• Extension of body limits to incorporate objects from the environment.
• Trauma to the part of the body that does not work.

Subjective

• Refusal to verify a real change.
• Preoccupation with change or loss.
• Personalization of the part of the body that is affected or its loss, using a name.
• Depersonalization of the affected body part or its loss, using impersonal pronouns.
• Negative feelings about the body (despair, helplessness).
• Verbal references to imposed changes in lifestyle.
• Fear of rejection or negative reaction from other people.
• Paying too much attention to the appearance of the lifestyle.
• Highlight remaining capabilities.
• Exaggerate achievements.

Related factors

• Psychological and biophysiological.
• Cultural spiritual.
• Cognitive or perception disorders.
• Developmental disorders.
• Disease and its treatment.
• Trauma, injury, and surgery.

At risk population

• Developmental transition

Associated condition

• Alteration in body function
• Alteration in cognitive functioning – Illness
• Impaired psychosocial functioning
• Injury
• Surgical procedure
• Trauma
• Treatment regimen

NOC

• Body image.
• Psychosocial adaptation.
• Self esteem.
• Child development.
• Grief resolution.

NIC

• Enhancement of body image.
• Enhancement of self-esteem.
• Active listening.
• Emotional Support.
• Increase coping.
• Advance guide.
• Parental education / education.
• Promotion of development.
• Risk identification.
• Facilitate grief.

This diagnosis will retire from the NANDA-I Taxonomy in the 2021-2023 edition unless additional work is completed to bring it up to a level of evidence 2.1 or higher.

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